Newborn and Infant Care

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A child is generally considered a newborn from birth to 4 weeks. Characteristics associated with newborns are their ability to lift their heads for short periods of time, turning toward familiar sounds and voices, and moving their heads from side to side. Older siblings of newborns tend to complain that these children are “no fun,” as they seem to live only to eat and sleep.


It’s often so difficult for us to determine when a child has advanced from one stage to another, for instance, from a newborn to an infant. We get confused as to whether or not they are one and the same. Therefore, we use the veiling term ‘baby;’ it just seems more encompassing. A baby is generally considered a very young child, between birth and a year old. Being that babies grow so much in a 12-month span, there are several great developments parents can look forward to as each month passes.

In the first four months, babies track objects with their eyes and begin making noises rather than simply crying. Babies begin to recognize familiar objects and people, even from a distance. They babble a lot and laugh at their own noises. At this stage, they become interested in circular and spiral patterns and start reaching for hanging or dangling objects. By four months, some babies begin teething and sitting with support.

By the eighth month, babies have gone from needing their parents to hold their bottles to holding it themselves, as well as feeding themselves some foods. A child’s first tooth is usually showing by now, with a few more itching to come out. At this stage, children are usually able to roll over and back, imitate many sounds, and respond to their own names.

On a child’s first birthday, the differences over the last few months are definitely clear. By this time, children can identify themselves in the mirror, clap, wave “bye-bye,” crawl well, and walk with little or no help. At twelve months, babies understand simple commands and word “no." They are also able to shake their heads “no.”

Newborn Care

The Basics

Infant Care/Parenting

The Basics
The Growing Infant
Bathing the Newborn
Changing Diapers
Child Care
Medical Cond">Common Medical Conditions
Crawling and Walking
Environment and Stimulation
Nail Care
Speech Development
Teething, Thumbsucking & Dental Care

Credits: New York Online Access to Health

Visitor Comments (4)
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wilson bright - 4 weeks ago
Have you all heard of Jean Penny Association? i have a family member who tested their association and was offered a baby in just 2weeks. they are the best agency as i will direct everyone to work with a real and truthful agency like Penny Association. God Bless Jean Penny Baby Adoption Association for helping my family with a healthy new born baby. My family paid $8,000 to get a baby and was never rejected or turn down. Y’all can connect them with xxxx #1
erika brady - 9 months ago
I just had a baby and it was my first one. It has been such a learning process and an adventure. It is incredible how fast they grow like you said. it has only been 4 weeks, and he is already huge! Soon he will just need a bottle and will be able to hold it himself. Being a parent has been such an incredible, and difficult experience. #2
agent - 2 years ago
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Madelyn Rodriguez - 2 years ago
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I would like to adopt a baby between 0 to 1 yrs old. I always wanted a baby. I can't have kids. Raise a baby is a blessing #4

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